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Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy: clinical and quality of life outcomes with a minimum two year follow-up

Abstract Background Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy is a relatively new technique. Very few studies have reported the clinical outcome of percutaneous endoscopic discectomy in terms of quality of life and

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Pyogenic Spondylodiscitis

Introduction Evidence of spinal infection exists in Egyptian mummies (c.3000 BC) and Neolithic remains from earlier. The earliest scientific descriptions came from Hippocrates, but it was enunciated in more detail

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Expression of cartilage-derived morphogenetic protein in human intervertebral discs and its effect on matrix synthesis in degenerate human nucleus pulposus cells

Abstract Introduction Loss of intervertebral disc (IVD) matrix and ultimately disc height as a result of 'degeneration' has been implicated as a major cause of low back pain (LBP). The

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NuNec: A PEEK-on-PEEK Cervical Arthroplasty System: In Clinical Perspective

Introduction Currently anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is a widely accepted surgical treatment for patients with radiculopathy and myelopathy caused by degenerative disc disease (DDD). ACDF results in high

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The predictive effect of fear-avoidance beliefs on low back pain among newly qualified health care workers with and without previous low back pain: a prospective cohort study

Abstract Background Health care workers have a high prevalence of low back pain (LBP). Although physical exposures in the working environment are linked to an increased risk of LBP, it

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Current concepts in the management of facet joint dislocations of the cervical spine

Introduction Facet joint injuries even though very rare, are serious injuries which usually affect the cervical spine. In most cases the lower part of the cervical spine is involved due

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Undiagnosed osteoid osteoma of the spine presenting as painful scoliosis from adolescence to adulthood: a case report

Abstract Presented here is a case of a young woman, with an undiagnosed osteoid osteoma of the spine, which presented with painful scoliosis in adolescence and was treated by bracing

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A retrospective case study looking at the effectiveness of the Springback

1.0 Abstract Background: Chronic back pain is a major problem according to the Clinical Standards Advisory Group1, despite current treatments. A new method of treating chronic back and neck pain

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Bone graft and its substitutes in spinal surgery

Introduction Fusion is an important part in spinal surgery, be it in the cervical spine or in the lumbosacral spine. Also, in large deformity cases fusing all the spinal segments

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A Challenge to Product Development Engineers: An Alternative to Pedicle Screws for Dynamic Stabilization of the Spine

Nearly all spine companies with extensive product portfolios have some type of dynamic stabilization system. Nearly all use conventional pedicle screws for fixation. One can certainly understand why. The companies